Python has exploded in popularity and over the past few years, python has been heavily used for web development. The Python for web development is a strong option because of its simple syntax, strong ecosystem, robust and variety of frameworks.
Python can be used to build a variety of web Apps such as server-side web applications, RESTful web Applications, etc. Undeniably, Python and its frameworks and libraries are the most reliable, robust, and highly responsive ecosystem to build personalized web applications.
Building web applications using python can be a bit trickier because of many available frameworks and libraries so we will learn how python is used for web development.
What is Python and its Frameworks?
Python is a high-level programming language used to create software and websites, automate tasks, data analysis, and various other things. Python is popular because of its easy-to-learn syntax, versatility, strong ecosystem, and strong community support.
Whereas, Python framework is a collection of packages and modules, which comes with pre-defined code. Using frameworks, the development of applications or software becomes very fast, easy, reliable, and scalable as frameworks already provide built-in components that can be used directly without much effort.
There are various frameworks available in python such as Flask, Django, Pyramid, Web2Py, etc. These frameworks can be used in a variety of fields and situations.
What is Web Development
The term web development is defined as creating, deploying, and maintaining web applications. It is usually divided into two parts, the frontend, and backend of the web application.
Frontend is part of web development that deals with what users see and interact with when they visit a URL to access a website using their web browser. Frontend includes managing interaction with the server using APIs, fetching and displaying data, etc.
Whereas the backend is part of web development that deals with server-side programming. The backend handles storing, retrieving, and formatting the data inside the database. Data is exchanged between web servers using HTTP, so parsing HTTP requests and understanding their content is also part of the backend.
These two parts, frontend and backend are combined to form a complete web application. Python is preferred for web development for various reasons, although always keep in mind that python is not always the primary choice for web development.
Why is Python used in web development?
Python is a powerful and versatile choice for web development as it provides a wealth of resources in terms of documentation, frameworks, and libraries to support web application development. It provides libraries to perform web development tasks such as handling HTTP and XML requests and responses.
In addition, Python has strong community support and provides a variety of web development frameworks such as Django, Pyramid, Flask, and Web2py.
Let’s see why Python is the right choice for web development and why many people are preferring Python instead of other programming languages for web development.
Simple Learning Curve
Python is popular among newbies and there is a reason. Python syntax is simple to learn as it is similar to the English language so you can easily understand the code and it relies heavily on common expressions and white spaces which allows us to write lesser code in comparison to other languages such as java, C, C++, etc. The syntax of python is designed to be clear and concise which emphasized clarity over convention. Python’s syntax is designed to be clear and concise, emphasizing clarity over convention.
The simple syntax of Python reduces half of the learning complexity and the other half can also be reduced due to the easy installation and setup of the python environment.
Rich Python Ecosystem
While building web applications, there are many common problem developers faces repetitively and they need to write the code to solve the problems such as fetching request, data validation, etc, again and again. The majority of developers end up writing their own libraries containing packages and modules to solve the common coding problem and reduce the repetitive code.
Moreover, Python itself provides a vast range of libraries, packages, and frameworks that will help all developers to access the prewritten code and solve common problems. These frameworks and libraries help us to focus on the unique problem and development rather than wasting time on repetitive code writing and problem-solving.
For example, the Python NumPy library is available for mathematical analysis so you don’t have to write the code for analysis by yourself.
Many programming languages solely work based on an object-oriented approach and in those scenarios, you can’t be able to easily switch to any other approach.
However, you can easily write code in imperative, procedural, object-oriented, or functional ways using python. Python offers flexibility and you can choose whatever paradigm of programming you want to use.
In Python, you can easily integrate other languages like Java, PHP, and .NET with your enterprise software development, but you cannot do the same easily using other languages like C++ and JAVA.
Huge Community Support
Python is popular and widely accepted all over the world and hence the community of python is huge and popular as well
Additionally, the problems newcomers face are either already solved or will be solved quickly due to the large number of developers inside the python communities. The combination of good community support and quality documentation helps developers to learn Python and its framework easily.
Web Frameworks in Python
A web framework or framework is a collection of packages and modules with pre-written code to reduce the repetitiveness and solve the common problem.
There is a variety of python frameworks available to make the web development process easier, reliable, scalable, and manageable. The most common frameworks are Flask, Django, Pyramid, and Web2Py.
Django and Flask are the most commonly used framework in python web development.
Django is a famous python-based open-source web framework used to build dynamic and robust applications, websites, and Mobile Apps. The Django encourages a fast, secure, scalable framework for rapid development. Django provides large community support with quality documentation for ease of development.
Django is an extensive, robust, and flexible framework and you can use it to build MVPs for large projects and companies. Instagram, Reddit, Dropbox, and Spotify are the companies using Django.
Flask is a microframework used for python web development. It is known for its minimalism, flexibility, and simplicity. The Flask is a good choice for small projects where developers want more flexibility than the fully fledge web framework such as Django. Flask is most suitable for developers who want Customizability and extendibility to build a web application with their specific requirements.
Flask only provides components needed to build web applications so that you have more control and flexibility. Uber, Netflix, and LinkedIn are the large companies that use the flask framework.
Python Web Developer Roadmap
HTML is known as the backbone of a web application because it is used to build the structure whereas CSS is later on used to style the HTML Structure and give the proper design to the web application. Using HTML and CSS, you can only build static web applications.
After all of that, Python and its framework were used with a combination of databases for server-side development. By combining all of the technologies and frameworks you can easily build a fully-fledged web application.
Web development is the most demanding skill in this digital age and using python for web development gives an added advantage in web application development. Python frameworks are some of the most useful and powerful tools for building modern web apps. Python framework reduces efforts and time and enhances web development.
Before choosing a python framework for web development, it is important to plan your needs and goals along with factors like project complexity, size, team, resources, etc.